Medical/Neurosurgical Glossary
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Vascular – Pertaining to blood vessels.

Vax-D (Vertebral Axial Decompression) – A high-priced, automatic traction device that stretches and releases the spine while the patient lies face-down.

Ventral – Refers to the front of the body.  This is the opposite of dorsal.

Vertebra – One of the 33 bones of the spinal column. A cervical, thoracic, or lumbar vertebra has a cylindrically–shaped body anteriorly and a neural arch posteriorly (composed primarily of the laminae and pedicles as well as the other structures in the posterior aspect of the vertebra) that protects the spinal cord. The plural of vertebra is vertebrae.

Vertebral Artery – There are two large blood vessels that travel up the cervical spine to the brain.  These provide blood to the top of the spinal cord and the back part of the brain..

Vertebral End–Plates – The superior and inferior ends of each vertebral bone (adjacent to the intervertebral disc) are called end-plates.

Vertebrectomy – This is a surgical procedure where a vertebral bone is removed completely or in large part.

Vertebral Subluxation Complex – This is a "modern" chiropractic term for chiropractic subluxations.

Vitalism – The concept that the functions of an organism are due to a "vital principle" or "life force" distinct from the physical forces explainable by the laws of physics and chemistry. Chiropractors refer to that force as "Innate Intelligence."

Vocational Counselor - an expert in retraining who helps an injured worker retrain and find a new job.

Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) - the process of retraining an injured worker retrain and helping them find a new job.

von Hippel Lindau syndrome – Also called Hippel Syndrome, Hippel-Lindau Syndrome, and Hippel-Czermak Syndrome, this is one of the phakomatoses, also, skin markings associated with vascular malformations.

If you are aware of any useful spine and neuromusculoskeletal terms which are not included in this list, or if you have suggestions for better definitions,  your help would be greatly appreciated.  Please send me any upgrades and I will update the web site appropriately.  Click here to send a comment.


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Last modified: 07/27/08