- N -
Naffziger and Viets Test –
This is a test for increased intracranial pressure using pressure on the jugular
veins and checking the response.
Naffziger Syndrome –
Named after a great early neurosurgeon, this refers to damage caused by the
This is a common word used in a peculiar way by medical insurance companies and
which results in great confusion. When an insurance company uses the word
“necessary” they indicate that they are willing to pay. If they say “not
necessary” they mean that they will not pay. It has nothing to do with a
patient’s need for a treatment. For example, an insurance denial form may use
the abbreviation, “MED PROC NOT NEC” to indicate that they have decided that the
procedure is “not necessary” for the patient, and that they do not wish to pay
for any charges.
- responsibility; having caused an injury.
– A biopsy procedure in which a small sample of
tissue is removed through a hollow needle.
Neural Organization Technique
controversial alternative care method purported to "organize" the nervous system
and activate helpful reflexes by using applied kinesiology muscle-testing to
identify and correct food allergies and dysfunctions claimed to affect the flow
of cerebrospinal fluid around the brain.
Conduction Test –
A medical test procedure to measure nerve impulse generation.
dual-probe thermocouple device used by some chiropractors and claimed by the
manufacturer to locate "subluxations" by measuring skin temperature on both
sides of the spine.
Neural Plasticity –
Refers to the ability of the brain and/or certain parts of the nervous system to
change in order to adapt to new conditions, such as an injury.
Neural Prostheses –
These are medical devices that substitute for an
injured or diseased part of the nervous system to enhance the function.
Neural Stimulation –
This means to activate or energize a nerve through an
Neural Tube Defect –
A type of birth defect, such as spina bifida, that
results from failure of the spinal cord or brain to develop normally in a fetus.
A painful condition caused by disorders of the
This indicates the inflammation of a nerve or nerves.
heat-detecting instrument originally developed in 1924 which claims to be good
for locating subluxated vertebrae.
– A chiropractic method purported to correct disease-causing subluxations that
result from negative emotions that "lock in" a "neuro emotional complex (N.E.C)."
Also known as Von Recklinghausen’s disease, an
inherited disorder in which noncancerous tumors grow on nerves that may include
the hearing nerve.
– This means of nerve origin.
Neurogenic Communication Disorder –
This is an inability to exchange information with
others because of hearing, speech, and/or language problems caused by impairment
of the nervous system.
Any problem involving nerves, muscles or the skeletal system. The majority of
traumatic injuries fall into this category.
Neuron – A
nerve cell specialized to process or conduct electrical impulses which carry
information from one part of the brain to another.
The study of the nervous system.
– The surgical specialty involved in the treatment of disorders of the brain,
spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. Neurosurgeons are spinal specialists.
Nerve – Nerves are the "wiring"
of the body. They carry the signals are sent to and from the brain. Nerves go
to the muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, skin and other organs. Signals of
input such as pain, temperature, and position sense are transmitted to the brain
through the nerves as are the brain’s instructions to the muscles and internal
– This is the portion of the nerve that comes off of the spinal cord and exits
the vertebral canal (spinal canal) through a root foramen or hole in the bone.
– A collection of chemical substances that carry impulses from one nerve cell to
another. These are found in the space (synapse) that separates the transmitting
neuron's terminal (axon) from the receiving neuron's terminal (dendrite).
Nimmo method – A
chiropractic technique that uses digital pressure on
trigger points to relax
muscles said to be pulling vertebrae out of alignment.
Noise-Induced Hearing Loss
– This is a hearing loss that is caused either by a one-time or repeated
exposure to very loud sounds.
– A diagnostic effort or treatment that does not require entering the body or
puncturing the skin.
– A collection of chiropractic reflex techniques and muscle-treatment methods
that do not involve forceful manipulation.
Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
– This is a group of medications that produces antipyretic, analgesic, and
– The goal of spinal fusion procedures create a solid bone bridge between two or
more bones in the spine. If the fusion does not solidify, the failure to fuse is
called a "non-union" or a pseudarthrosis. It can an be painful and may require
another surgery in order to fix.
– A specialized area of radiology that uses very small amounts of radioactive
substances to examine organ function and structure.
– The soft inner area of the intervertebral disc. This is gelatinous in
consistency in young people and dries out as we age. It is surrounded by a
tough fibrous shell called the annulus fibrosus.
Manager - a registered
nurse (R.N.), assigned by the lawyer or insurance adjustor, to monitor medical
Practitioner - a
registered nurse who provides care to patients; usually works with a physician
to give care.
-- Proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals provided by food and
necessary for growth and the maintenance of life.
If you are aware of any useful spine and neuromusculoskeletal terms which are
not included in this list, or if you have suggestions for better definitions, your help would be
greatly appreciated. Please send me any upgrades and
I will update the web site appropriately. Click
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