Medical/Neurosurgical Glossary
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Jacob-Creutzfeldt Disease This is a rare disease of the brain which causes dementia (slow thought) and eventual death.  It is similar to mad-cow disease.

Joint The junction (articulation) between two or more bones that permits movement between the bones.

Jogger Foot Syndrome (Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome) This painful pinching of a nerve at the ankle is similar to the carpal tunnel syndrome in the arm.  This may be fixed with surgery.

Johnson-Stevens Syndrome (Stevens-Johnson Syndrome) An allergic loss of much of the skin.  Often this is fatal if not treated early.

Jones Criteria The combination of signs used to diagnose rheumatic fever.

Jones Syndrome (Cherubism) This is the combination of several birth defects including craniosynostosis and Dandy-Walker Malformations.

Jugular Sign (Queckenstedt Test) If the compression of both jugular veins causes increased intracranial pressure, there is possible a lateral sinus thrombosis.

Jugular Veins Veins that carry blood from the head back to the heart.

If you are aware of any useful spine and neuromusculoskeletal terms which are not included in this list, or if you have suggestions for better definitions,  your help would be greatly appreciated.  Please send me any upgrades and I will update the web site appropriately.  Click here to send a comment.


The information in this site briefly describes issues related to medical treatments, and has been licensed by from Northern California Neurosurgery Medical Group, Inc., who is solely responsible for said content.  This web site is not a substitute for good medical care or for a consultation with a spine specialist. It should not be used to plan your treatment. The well considered advice of a specialist who has personally examined you is always superior to even the best internet pages.

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Last modified: 07/27/08