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Occurring without known cause. This is sometimes the result of a medical
The bone tissue obtained from the ilium of the pelvis.
This is the large, prominent portion of the pelvic bone which is above the hip
These are fibrous bands from the ilium of the pelvis to the lower bones of the
spine. These hold the back erect.
A Latin word which describes one portion of the pelvis. This bone provides
attachments to many of the large muscles of the spine and the legs.
(Independent Medical-Legal Examination) - a medical-legal examination, performed by a physician,
who is hired by a lawyer or insurance company; creates a report which can be
used to settle a lawsuit or some workers' compensation cases.
A limitation of motion, or fixation of a body part, usually to promote
Bone loss and loss of function due to the limitation of motion, or fixation of a
body part, from a cast for example.
This is a complex network of specialized cells and organs which work together
to defend the body against infections and tumors.
- a numeric percentage (from 1% to 100%) that reflects an injured worker's
capacity; applies to the Federal system and some state systems, including some
injuries in California occurring after 1/1/05.
A painful loss of range of motion of the shoulder in certain directions
associated with certain shoulder injuries.
Inappropriate Secretion of Anti-diuretic Hormone
The opposite of diabetes insipidus, this is an uncommon disease where there is
too much of a hormone called anti-diuretic hormone (ADH). Too little urine is
produced and the blood sodium can become dangerously low.
The cutting into or removal of a small portion of a tissue or organ. As
differentiated from excision.
A type of health insurance that
pays most doctor and hospital costs. This type of insurance is often more
expensive but provides the best coverage and the most choices.
Medical-legal Examination (IME)
A report requested either a plaintiff attorney (representing a patient) or a
defense attorney (representing an insurance company) in a personal injury
Less than 100% and not total.
Situated below or underneath another structure.
Damaged and bruised, inflamed tissue is red, swollen, warm and painful.
Inflamed tissue is injured.
The result of being inflamed or damaged marked by four signs: swelling,
redness, heat, and pain.
and Assistance Officer
- a California state official who is available to answer your questions.
An alleged inborn ability of the body to heal itself, which chiropractors
believe is enhanced by spinal adjustments.
A surgery which requires the patient to and stay in the hospital.
This is a way of repairing a broken bone, or securing a fusion, using metal
parts which are entirely inside the body. This is the opposite of external
A Latin prefix that means between.
A doctor in training in the first year of practice after medical school.
- under California law describes the frequency of a pain as occurring 50% of the
time; of "occasional," "intermittent," "frequent," and "constant."
Refers to the space between the spinous processes of the vertebral bones.
This is the fibrous ligament which extends from one spinous process (part of
the back of a vertebral bone) to another. These ligaments support the vertebral
Intervertebral Disc Intervertebral discs are
soft tissue structures that are between the vertebral bones of the spine. They
act as cushions but are easily damaged.
A Latin prefix that means that something is inside of something else.
Something which is within the joint.
Investigational New Drug
A drug allowed by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to be used in
clinical trials, but not approved for general sale to the public.
This is Latin for in glass. It describes experimental observations done in
test tubes or similar laboratory vessels.
In vivo is Latin for in life. It describes experimental observations or other
processes in a living body.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
A painful abnormality of colon function which may be related to anxiety or may
occur without other know abnormality.
Decreased flow of oxygenated blood to an organ due to obstruction in an
A muscle contraction without movement at the joint. This is also one type of
exercise where one tightens the muscles without moving the joints.
If you are aware of any useful spine and neuromusculoskeletal terms which are
not included in this list, or if you have suggestions for better definitions, your help would be
greatly appreciated. Please send me any upgrades and
I will update the web site appropriately. Click
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