- F -
A sharp surface cut on the surface of an object, like the sides of a diamond.
Facet Joint The small joints between the back parts of the vertebral bones are
called the facet joints.
The surgical removal of a facet joint.
Failed Back Syndrome This refers to a condition of continued pain
and disability following back surgery. Even the best surgeons do not always get
perfect results and some patients just dont get better.
A congenital heart deficiency.
False Negative Report
This is an incorrect report which is negative when in reality it should have
been positive. It is one kind of error in testing.
False Positive Report
This is an incorrect report which is positive when in reality it should have
been negative. It is one kind of error in testing.
Fajersztajn Sign (Crossed Sciatic
Sign) A sign of
sciatic nerve injury or a ruptured
lumbar disc; the hip can be flexed when the
knee is bent but not when the knee is straight. This is positive when the
straight leg test is positive.
Disseminated lipogranulomatosis with enlargement of the joints, pulmonary
problems and pain.
Weakness or exhaustion, a giving out after work or exertion.
A bony fracture or break that occurs as the result of repeated small stresses
rather than one single major injury.
Fecal Incontinence This is a condition where one is
unable to control or hold stool.
This is a menu of charges or fees for medical services. Doctors typically have
charges that they determine and these are the amounts billed. The fee schedules
for payments are typically lower, or discounted. The fee schedule is determined
by ones insurance. Some are set by law (Medicare, Medicaid, MediCal, and,
workers compensation for example) and some are set by contracts (Blue Cross,
HMOs, PPOs, etc.). Doctors who are required to, or agree to, accept the
discounted rate will then write off charges which are greater than the fee
Feuerstein-Mims Syndrome (Epidermal Nevus Syndrome)
The combination of epidermal abnormalities combined with central nervous
A chronic painful condition usually associated with depression, fibromyalgia is
diagnosed based on clinical criteria. If certain points are tender, the
diagnosis may be confirmed. The American Academy of Rheumatology set forth
criteria used to diagnose this disease based upon the physical examination.
An overgrowth of scar tissue.
This is a benign, intermittently recurring, and protracted inflammatory
disease process, with a lack of any clear underlying pathology.
A fogging of vision with halos reported around bright objects. Often associated
with contact lens use.
Fine Needle Aspiration
This is a biopsy of tissue using a thin, hollow needle to withdraw tissue from
A condition related to a loss of the normal curve of the low back. It is most
commonly a complication of a fusion surgery.
A chiropractic method of stretching the spine in a face-down position on a
table that allows manually applied flexion and traction to be applied to
specific spinal segments.
Any one of the muscles that cause a limb to bend.
Flick Sign A pain in the hands from carpal tunnel
syndrome relieved by shaking out the hands or flicking them.
A way of doing the straight leg raising test in the sitting and lying position.
A patient with a positive pain sign lying down and a negative sign when the test
is done sitting has a positive flip sign. It is a test of poor credibility
first described by Gordon Waddell.
Food and Drug Administration
(FDA) This is the
branch of the Federal government which is responsible to make sure that all
medications and treatments are safe and effective. They have the obligation to
review research and approve or disapprove new treatments.
This is a weakness of the tibialis anterior, the muscle that lifts the front
of the foot or causes dorsiflexion of the foot. This can be a surgical
emergency. If not fixed promptly, the damage can be permanent.
A tunnel or opening in a tissue or bone. In the spine, the foramen refers to
the hole leading out of the side of the bone through which the nerves exit.
When a nerve is pinched in a foramen, it is repaired with a foraminotomy.
This is an operation used to relieve a
pinched nerve by opening up the
foramen (opening) in the side of the vertebral bone.
A flat area or depression in a structure.
A pseudohemophilia related to liver dysfunction.
A disruption or a break in a bone.
- under California law describes the frequency of a pain as occurring 75% of the
time; of "occasional," "intermittent," "frequent," and "constant."
A high level of protein in the spinal fluid due to a block in the spinal canal.
Because of this, the spinal fluid clots.
Frontal Polar Syndrome
The personality changes associated with bilateral frontal lobe damage and
including loss of inhibitions.
Frontal Plane This is an imaginary plane which runs
through the body and which separates the anterior and posterior parts. It is
the same as the coronal plane.
This is an alternate and more common name for "adhesive capsulitis" of the
shoulder. It involves loss of motion and involves four distinct stages: pain;
pain; stiffness; and, resolution.
This is one chiropractic method of adjusting or manipulating the vertebrae
from the neck down.
This is a term for certain pain syndromes that occur in the absence of any
Functional Hypoglycemia Syndrome
This is the low blood sugar due to excessive insulin, as in the presence of an
insulin secreting tumor.
Fusion A surgical operation to join two bones. The operation
causes a union, healing, or mending a bone.
If you are aware of any useful spine and neuromusculoskeletal terms which are
not included in this list, or if you have suggestions for better definitions, your help would be
greatly appreciated. Please send me any upgrades and
I will update the web site appropriately. Click
here to send a comment.