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Eaton-Lambert Syndrome (Lambert
Syndrome) – This is
a proximal weakness, especially in the pelvic girdle muscles. This is similar
to myasthenia gravis.
Epstein-Barr Virus –
A herpes-like virus that can cause lymphoma and other diseases including
Erb Disease –
Progressive muscular dystrophy like myasthenia gravis syndrome.
Erb Sign –
Increased irritability of the motor nerves
A swelling and bruising caused by blood under the skin. This is a purplish
discoloration of bruised skin.
A swelling due to the build-up of
Electroencephalogram (EEG) –
The electroencephalogram measures brain wave activity. It can detect seizures
and other causes of brain damage.
Electromyogram (EMG) – A medical test to evaluate
nerve and muscle function.
– An operation performed
immediately as a result of an urgent medical condition.
Development Department (EDD) - a California department that provides disability benefits and
A viral infection of the brain.
– The surgical removal of plaque or
blood clots in an artery.
– Arising within from the body. This is the opposite of exogenous.
– Endogenous biogeochemical substances which alleviate pain. These are produced
by the body in response to stress. They are similar to narcotics and function
in the same way.
– A medical device for viewing internal parts of the body. It is usually made
from fiber optic tubes and video cameras.
– A surgical inspection of internal body structures or cavities using an
– This is a pathological situation where a nerve is trapped in an abnormally
small canal. The nerve is pinched and does not function. Pain is common
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
(ELISA) – This is a
blood test used identify certain infections. It is both sensitive and specific.
– This is a chiropractic approach that correlates recurring "subluxation
patterns" with the results of a 24-hour urinalysis (purported to identify
"enzyme deficiencies") so that spinal adjustments and nutritional measures can
A Latin prefix meaning above or outside of something. For example, epidural
means outside of the dura.
Nevus Syndrome (Feuerstein-Mims Syndrome) –
The combination of epidermal abnormalities combined with central nervous
– Situated outside the thin, tough dural membrane that surrounds the brain and
spinal cord. This is also a short name for some of the pain injections which
are done and which are called “epidural pain blocks.”
– An anesthetic which is injected into the "epidural space" in the middle and
lower back, just outside the spinal space, to numb the lower extremities.
– A procedure where pain medications or steroids are injected into "epidural
space" in the neck, middle and lower back, just outside the spinal space, to
– An injection like a block using the steroid drugs alone or in combination
with other medications such as anesthetics.
– This is one of several chemicals (another is norepinephrine) released by the
adrenal gland to increase heart rate.
– The study of how the workplace relates to human functions.
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
– This is a blood test that measures the speed at which red blood cells settle
on the bottom of a test tube. A high sedimentation rate signals a possible
inflammatory disease or infection.
A feeling of well-being or elation
which may be drug related.
– The removal or cutting out of a tissue or organ. As differentiated from
– This involves the cutting away of a tissue to completely remove it. There
are many types of excisional biopsies and each is named for the particular area
of the body which is removed.
– To get rid of waste from the body.
To urinate or to pass solid waste is to excrete.
– Originating outside of the body. This is the opposite of endogenous.
This includes care which is under study by scientists, or one not yet proven to
be effective. The word experimental is often used differently by insurance
companies. If an insurance company believes that a treatment is experimental,
they typically refuse to pay for the treatment. Many well accepted treatments
are denied by insurance companies on this basis.
– Any muscle that causes the straightening of a limb is an extensor. This is
the opposite of a flexor muscle.
– This is a way of repairing a broken bone or securing a fusion using metal
screws and plates which are partly outside the body. This is the opposite of
A Latin prefix that means in addition to outside of.
Something which is outside of the body (corpus means body in Latin).
The leakage of something out of its container or normal location.
If you are aware of any useful spine and neuromusculoskeletal terms which are
not included in this list, or if you have suggestions for better definitions, your help would be
greatly appreciated. Please send me any upgrades and
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